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1940 Ogdensburg Agreement On Hemispheric Defense

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The Ogdensburg Agreement was a 1940 agreement between the United States and Canada aimed at establishing a joint defense program to ensure the security of North America. The agreement was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Mackenzie King on August 17, 1940, and marked a significant step towards closer defense and military cooperation between the two countries. The agreement was a response to the increasing threat posed by the axis powers during World War II and the need for a unified defense of the western hemisphere.
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[Issued after conference on August 18 between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Mackenzie King of Canada at Odgensburg, New York]

The Prime Minister and the President have discussed the mutual problems of defense in relation to the safety of Canada and the United States.

It has been agreed that a Permanent Joint Board on Defense shall be set up at once by the two countries.

This Permanent Joint Board on Defense shall commence immediate studies relating to sea, land and air problems including personnel and materiel.

It will consider in the broad sense the defense of the north half of the Western Hemisphere.

The Permanent Joint Board on Defense will consist of four or five members from each country, most of them from the services. It will meet shortly.

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