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CANADA HISTORY - DOCUMENTS WAR

1943 Cairo Conference Declaration November, 1943


Document Discription

The 1943 Cairo Conference was a meeting held in Cairo, Egypt between November 22-26, 1943, between the leaders of the Allied Powers during World War II. The conference was attended by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The main purpose of the conference was to coordinate the military strategy of the Allies in the Pacific and Middle Eastern theaters and to discuss the post-war reorganization of the world.

The Cairo Declaration, issued on November 27, 1943, was one of the outcomes of the conference. It stated the principles of the Allied Powers with respect to the post-war reorganization of the Pacific region, including the reestablishment of independence to China and the restoration of Korea as a free and independent country. The Declaration also expressed the determination of the Allies to bring an end to Japanese aggression and to bring those responsible for war crimes to justice.
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Released December 1, 1943

The several military missions have agreed upon future military operations against Japan. The Three Great Allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against their brutal enemies by sea, land, and air. This pressure is already mounting.

The Three Great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion. It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen form the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.

With these objects in view the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan.


Cite Article : www.canadahistory.com/sections/documents/war/war.html

Source: US Department of State Bulletin, Vol. IX, p. 393



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