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By 1943 the strategic landscape was beginning to change rapidly in favour of the allies. The Germans had been thrown back and defeat in El Alamein and Stalingrad, and the U.S. Navy and Marines were starting to make progress in the Pacific. It was decided that the 3 main allied leaders in the west would gather to plot out the next steps of the war. Canada and Britain had been fighting since 1939 and held out in the dark days on June, 1941 - June 1942. The U.S. had brought its huge production and military potential in the conflict after Pearl Harbour, so the leaders met from August 11 - 24, 1943 in Canada for the Quebec Conference, codenamed QUADRANT.

Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt  were met by their host  Mackenzie King on August 11th, 1943. The conference was held at the Citadelle and the Chateau Frontenac where discussed ranged from the invasion of France, code named Overlord, in 1944, the Mediterranean strategy, including the invasion of Sicily. which had just occurred on July 10th, codenamed Husky, and then Italy and the continuing of the push in the Pacific. The operational issues reviewed were the build-up of troops in England, the bomber offensive in Europe, the support f the partisans in the Balkans and the Battle of the North Atlantic. It was also decided that another theatre of war would be designed named South East Asia and it would be placed under the command of Lord Louis Mountbatten.

The most important document signed by Churchill and Roosevelt, at the conference was the Quebec Agreement. This agreement outlined the terms of the partnership between the U.S., Britain, and Canada in the development of an atomic bomb and nuclear technology. There were growing suspicions between English and American officials and Churchill had flirted with setting up a separate British program due to American hesitancy to share all of its information. Roosevelt quickly settled these issues and it was determined that Canadian and British scientists would join the Americans on the Manhattan Project. Secret materials and documents were also exchanged between the Americans and British.  

 

The Quebec Conference




Source:
Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html