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A New World | Prosperity | World Role | Newfoundland | Korea | CCF & Tommy Douglas | Immigration

September 2, 1945 marked the official surrender of the Japanese forces and marked the emergence of the word from the dark shadow of the Second World War. Canada had made enormous contributions to the war effort in men and material and had only slightly suffered direct attack by the Axis powers.

Canada had paid out more then $18 Billion on the war effort and done this from it's own pocket while remaining solvent. Canada had another 2 1/2 Billion on aid for it's allies and given another billion to Britain outright. It had built up a huge industrial base and expanded the national infrastructure to match the growth in business and the demands of the war.  Canadian's were proud of their achievements during the war and the post war world looked bright and promising.

The wartime politic scene was also changing. As victory looked more and more certain, people were more willing to look at the other options again. 1944 had witnessed the election of Tommy Douglas and the C.C.F. (Cooperative Commonwealth Federation) in Saskatchewan which marked the first election of a socialist party in any province in Canada. Duplessis had returned to power in Quebec marking a partial shift of the voters from the national war effort banner back to the nationalistic French Canadian ambitions of the people of Quebec.

Mackenzie King had recognized the warning signs across the country and adopted many of the socialist social programs and economic reform polices and made them his own. The Liberal party had in effect killed the leftist baby in the cradle. The unfortunate fate of Churchill in England in not recognizing or addressing this mood swing resulted in his embarrassing electoral defeat at the polls in July of 1945, just a month after the Canadian Federal election in June which saw another Liberal majority government.

The efforts of Churchill during the Imperial Conference in May of 1944, to once again form a Commonwealth organization that would represent the Commonwealth countries with a form of Empire Cabinet and, country representation and overall responsibility for the health and welfare of the British Empire was once again rebuffed by King. Canada was looking in different directions for future development and cooperation. The United States and Canadian economies had become considerably more intertwined and business across the boarder was to produce the largest trading partnership in the world. Canada was also looking towards real support of the new version of he League of Nations, the United Nations. It was in the UN and with the U.S. as a superpower that, Canada confidently choose to throw its support behind, expecting real international security and peace. This marked a decisive turning point in the history of Canada and another step in along the road to full independence and autonomy,



The Surrender of Japan