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First Peoples | West Coast | Rockies | Plains Indians | Inuit | Cree | Huron | Algonquin | Maritime | Iroquois | Beothuk


The west coast Indians had an unique and highly developed culture and lifestyle. With the abundant Salmon and the rich coastal rainforests supplying them with food and materials for shelter, transportation and art, they were able to blossom in a renaissance of activity and pursuits.

Although there were many different nations separated by mountainous divides and dangerous waters, they did share many beliefs, practices and customs such as the carving and presentations of totem poles. Another custom was that of the potlatch which would occur when a prominent member of a band would gather as much of their possessions as possible and give it away during a festival attended by their friends and relatives. The arrival of the Europeans was devastating to their society for many reasons and they are only fully recovering their cultural self awareness in recent years. 

Native Maps

 


Source:
Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html