Canada History



Canada History   timelines 
AskAHistorian    blog 
     
 
Membership

 

         
 

Canadahistory.com

 

Dene Declaration

         

Prehistory | 2 Worlds Meet | New France | England Arrives | Clash of Empires | Revolution | British America | Reform/Revolt | Responsible Government | Confederation | Nation Building | Laurier | The Great War | Roaring 20's | Great depression | WWII | The Peace | Cold War | Trudeau | PC's in Power | Modern Canada


First Peoples | West Coast | Rockies | Plains Indians | Inuit | Cree | Huron | Algonquin | Maritime | Iroquois | Beothuk


The Huron were considered a branch of the Iroquois but developed an independent identity and dominated the Georgian Bay area. Their villages were not dissimilar to Northern European towns of around 1000 AD except for the absence of worked metal. The name Huron referred to the manner in which they cut and wore their hair with a bristled like appearance. The Hurons had four main sub tribes known as
Native Maps

  • Attignaouantan - The Bear People
  • Attigneenongnahac - The Cord People
  • Arendahronon - The Rock People
  • Totontaenrat - The Deer People

The land they lived in became known as Huronia and although they were considered associates of the Iroquois, they developed a close association with the French settlers due to the Jesuit missions into their land and conversion to Catholicism. They built long large structures to live in and stockades around their towns.

The Huron, like the Iroquois, also grew some crops, two of which were corn and tobacco. They also played the game of field lacrosse. 

There is evidence that their arrival in the southern Ontario area occur only a few hundred years before the arrival of Europeans and in fact they may have been pushed out of the St Lawrence River valley by the Algonquin's where Jacques Cartier had found Iroquois Indians in the 1500's.

During the terrible years of 1638-40 the Hurons were hit hard by smallpox and influenza which killed up to 20,000 Hurons. Once they were weakened so drastically the Iroquois of the US North West who had allied with the English against the French and hence the Huron, carried out continuous attacks through the late 1640's to the degree that only a couple of Huron groups escaped to live on Mackinac Island and Quebec were they settled in a village called Jeune-Lorette which was just north of Québec city.. The rest were largely eliminated and the Huron ceased to exist as a player in the game of power politics in the Americas.




Source:
Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html