Canada History



Canada History   timelines 
AskAHistorian    blog 
     
 
Membership

 

         
 

Canadahistory.com

 

Canadahistory.com

         

Prehistory | 2 Worlds Meet | New France | England Arrives | Clash of Empires | Revolution | British America | Reform/Revolt | Responsible Government | Confederation | Nation Building | Laurier | The Great War | Roaring 20's | Great Depression | WWII | The Peace | Cold War | Trudeau | PC's in Power | Modern Canada

A New France | The Iroquois  | English Invasion | Peace | Seigneiurial System | The Kings Girls | Canadian Identity | Society | Government | The Church | Champlain | Frontenac | Acadia | The Fall

Champlain realized that the settlements in New France would need more then just the fur trade and a few raw resources to send back to  France in order  to stimulate it's growth. New France would need settlers, soldiers, supplies and support. In 1627 Champlain retuned to France and convinced Armand Jean, and Cardinal Richelieu, who was the first Minister of the King of France, that new France would become an asset for the French if generously supported.

The company of 100 associates was formed to attract investors and capital for the New France venture and Champlain was made the Lieutenant to the  Viceroy of Quebec. The first Associate's fleet was sent out to Quebec and consisted of 400 colonists in 20 transport ships. The Kirke Brothers, who commanded an English fleet, were on the lookout for French ships and reinforcements. As the 3 English ships approached the American coast in 1628, a storm blew up and forced the ships into Gaspe Bay for protection. The French fleet also approaching America took refuge in the same bay and were immediately captured and redirected to England as prizes. 

A second French feet, under Emery de Caen, also fell into the hands of the English and were also sent back to England. The Kirkes could smell blood and attempted to capture Quebec but ran short of supplies and were forced to return to England for the winter. They returned in 1629 and cut off New France from France, and then sailed up the St Lawrence where they assaulted the city. On July 19, 1629 they attacked and took the city. New France had fallen, Champlain was captured and returned to England where he was to discover that the war between England and France had ended 3 months before Quebec City was captured.

New France was returned to France in an agreement that forced Louis XIII to pay Charles I of England 1 million livres which was previously owed. The first fall of Quebec and been reversed.




Source:
Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html