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A New France | The Iroquois  | English Invasion | Peace | Seigneiurial System | The Kings Girls | Canadian Identity | Society | Government | The Church | Champlain | Frontenac | Acadia | The Fall

The return of Champlain to Quebec and the reestablishment of French control over the St Lawrence valley created an opportunity for France to reorganize and jump start the colony. Lawsuits between the de Caen brothers and the Company of 1000 associates were resolved. By 1640 loses from the fur trading monopoly encouraged the Company of 1000 Associates to  hand over its rights to settle and conduct business in the new world, to a group in Quebec know as the Company of Habitants. The Habitants quickly grew into a fur trading aristocracy and began to flex their muscle in the colony, not just in the realm of fur trading, but in all aspects of the colonies life. By 1647 the instability and power politics in New France came to a head and the King of France issued an edict to address the problems by creating the council of Quebec.

The French Canadian historian Gustave Lanctot explains that the council was assembed in such a way so that "At the top stood the King, royal suzerain and absolute legislator. Under him came the Company of New France, feudal owner of the country, granting seignories and collecting fees, appointing officials of justice and paying their salaries. Next stood the governor who, nominated by the company, but appointed by the king, was the colonies highest court of appeal, wielded absolute authority in military and civil regulations, and even in trade and financial matters, in any case of emergency. Under him the Communaute of the Inhabitants possessed the monopoly of the fur-trade, while the Quebec council, composed of members elected from the colony at large, regulated the commercial policy and public expenditure of the country."

This system allowed a degree of popular representation in New France which was absent in most countries in Europe and many English colonies in the Americas.

By G Scott staff writter,  2012 - - section:eras, subsection New France