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American Colonies | Kirke takes Quebec  | English Newfoundland | Phips | Treaty of Ryswick | Francis Nicholson | Treaty of Utrecht | War of Austrian Succession | Capture of Louisbourg | Treaty of Chapelle | Halifax | French Indian War | Governor Murray

King George's War as it was known as in America or the War of Austrian Succession began, as most wars did, for European reasons and due to European events and was fought from 1740 - 1748. The death of William the 1st in Prussia and Charles VI of Austria brought two dynamic and strong leaders to power. Frederick the Great was the successor in Prussia and the Empress Maria Theresa was the successor in Austria.

The alliances soon fell into place Frederick from Prussia felt he could achieve and easy victory by invading Austrian with it's new weak Empress. He underestimated Maria Theresa who mobilized to meat the threat. The French felt that they to could grab territory from Austria while it was pre-occupied with Prussia. Austria appealed for allies and recruited various German states in her cause. George II who was also the elector of Hanover joined the alliance with both Hanover and England. He wanted do prevent the French invasion of Hanover through the Low Countries.

The British forces arrived in Flanders in 1742 and fought several battles between then and 1748. In 1745, Prince Charles - the alternate claimant to the English throne, backed by France, landed in Scotland to retake the throne. He managed to lead his army south and almost succeeded in taking England but fell back to Scotland and was decisively defeated by the British at Culloden Moor.

The key effects on North America began with a Royal Naval blockade of the French navy and a New England - British attack on Louisbourg  which resulted in it's capture. French Indian and British Indian forces attacked each other all along the frontier that lay between them but neither side was able to mount a credible attack on the main settlement areas of the other.

The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the war in 1748 with the result that Louisbourg was returned to the French in exchange for Madras, India.




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Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html