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Prehistory | 2 Worlds Meet | New France | England Arrives | Clash of Empires | Revolution | British America | Reform/Revolt | Responsible Government | Confederation | Nation Building | Laurier | The Great War | Roaring 20's | Great Depression | WWII | The Peace | Cold War | Trudeau | PC's in Power | Modern Canada

American Colonies | Kirke takes Quebec  | English Newfoundland | Phips | Treaty of Ryswick | Francis Nicholson | Treaty of Utrecht | War of Austrian Succession | Capture of Louisbourg | Treaty of Chapelle | Halifax | French Indian War | Governor Murray

The French in New France, fearing that they could be cut off from France by the Royal Navy realized that they needed a secure fortress at the entrance to the Gulf of St Lawrence in order to control their vital lifeline. They had chosen a location in the Cape Breton Islands and built the mighty fortress of Louisburg.

The British Royal Navy realized that Louisburg had to be countered with a strong naval base close to its location and in 1749 British General Edward Cornwallis mapped the coast and choose a large natural harbour on the east side of Nova Scotia and named it Halifax. He delivered about 2,500 settlers to the new settlement and they kicked out the French fishermen who had used the location as  to dry and pack their catch.

Halifax was transformed into a large naval depot and a imposing fortress named the Citadel was constructed on a large hill in the city. Halifax became an important base to launch operations from during the seven years way, and again during the American revolutionary war.  The city was main supported by the British Government in it's attempts to build a strong naval and army presence in the area. The strong direct connections with England would help maintain it's loyalty to the crown during the American Revolution and provide a secure base to operate against the American revolutionaries all along the Atlantic seaboard.




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Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html