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American Colonies | Kirke takes Quebec  | English Newfoundland | Phips | Treaty of Ryswick | Francis Nicholson | Treaty of Utrecht | War of Austrian Succession | Capture of Louisbourg | Treaty of Chapelle | Halifax | French Indian War | Governor Murray

Francis Nicholson was born in 1655 in Yorkshire England and was recruited as a page by the Marquis of Winchester when just a young boy. He made many connections in the company of the Marquis and in 1678 was off to France to fight as an ensign. He rose to the rank of captain and was then dispatched to Boston where he became Sir Edmund Andro's, the governor in chief f the New England,  assistant. He rose to the rank of governor for Virginia, and Maryland.

He was involved in the overland thrust, via, Lake Champlain in 1709, but due to lack of support from the St Lawrence approach, did not attack and returned to England the following year in order to solicit support for an attack on Nova Scotia. In  March of 1710, he was named to lead the expedition against Port Royal in the Annapolis basin and left Boston in September to attack.  The French surrender on October 13th and the Fort is secured and Nova Scotia is declared an English colony with Vetch named as first Governor. Nicolson's next objective was Quebec City itself and he once again returned to England to propose his plan of attack.

The plan was to repeat the double pronged attack which had failed two years earlier, via Lake Champlain and the St Lawrence. In 1711 Admiral Walker was given command of the fleet that was to assault the St Lawrence and Nicholson once again took command of the land forces and headed for Lake Champlain. Unfortunately for Nicholson, the result were much the same as previously when Admiral Walker called ff the attack after losing several ships and hundreds of me before even reaching Quebec City. Walker called off the attack and returned to England which once again forced Nicholson to call off his attack.

Nicholson's remaining years in the colonies were spent in administrative functions and as governor of South Carolina. His dream of defeating the French and capturing Quebec City would have to wait until 1759 and General Wolfe.




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Reference: www.canadahistory.com/sections/eras/eras.html