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American Colonies | Kirke takes Quebec  | English Newfoundland | Phips | Treaty of Ryswick | Francis Nicholson | Treaty of Utrecht | War of Austrian Succession | Capture of Louisbourg | Treaty of Chapelle | Halifax | French Indian War | Governor Murray

The initial interest in Newfoundland was due the rich Cod fisheries that existed on the Grand Banks just off the coast of Newfoundland. Is possible that English fisherman were catching fish here before Columbus discovered America. The fishermen had little interest in sharing this information because they realized that settlement would threaten their established manner of fishing,  and drying the fish on the empty shoreline.

With the explosion of Europeans setting out in all directions, after Columbus claims he had found a route to China, the English mounted their own adventures and in 1497 John Cabot sailed along the coast of Newfoundland and landed but returned to England.

It was not until 1610, when John Guy attempted to establish a settlement, that the first settlers would try to hack a village out of this wilderness. The encounters with the native Indians, the Beothuk, were few, and the British tried to stop a trend of violence against the Beothuk. The British even passed protection laws for them. This did not however stop the Micmac from  settling in Newfoundland and then attacking the Beothuk.

Newfoundland became a critical link in the British trading system, which traded finished products to Newfoundland and the Caribbean in exchange for furs, fish and timber from Newfoundland and sugar and molasses from the Caribbean.